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summary of ruth 3:1 6

Naomi has this in her heart for Ruth. [i] However, due to a lack of both external and internal evidence and its obvious anonymity, Frederic Bush says attempting to determine the author with any certainty is an act of futility. But, they needed to return to their God and his covenant Law in obedience so that he might give true rest to his people and the Land. Fortunately though, for the original audience, this story of a disaffected, afflicted, and sojourning woman and her foreigner daughter-in-law would speak of hope. So, there is inferred a strong emphasis on the importance and imminence of this event. Holmstedt thinks the K may be an archaism but if it is then it is not consistent with other occurrences of this form. What happens then? 2 And now is not Boaz of our kindred, with whose maidens thou wast? And that’s the same concern she still has for Ruth. How many proverbs did Solomon write? After the exclamation, Naomi uses a participle instead of a finite verb. VanGemeren, Willem. It appears that, after he had eaten and drunk he was tired and lay down to rest. Ruth, Esther (WBC). The kind and honourable treatment Boaz gave her . Ruth and Boaz at the Threshing Floor. That means the PP is likely original and perhaps was meant to be translated with PP as the head of the following relative clause. We can’t begin to imagine the excitement Ruth and Naomi must’ve felt at this time. The Book of Ruth Summary. This use with (הנה) is common for imminent future participles. However, many manuscripts prefer the K which is singular. If all the subtleties in this story were caught, it would both convict the reader and spur them onto a hope found in returning to the instruction of the Lord. True obedience is also followed by actions in line with the instruction and affirmation. Boaz would have seen that and known to not pursue anything while that was the case. Likewise, Naomi includes the accusative with a genitive (את־גרן השׁערים) where the accusative marker is actually functioning as the locative preposition “at.”  The phrase then should perhaps be translated as “at the threshing floor of barley” indicating the location was a more formal place and distinct from others. But he also knows that there’s someone closer to Ruth and Naomi than he is. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2015. Apollos Old Testament Commentary 7B. Jenni, Ernst, and Claus Westermann. And this news explains why he seemed to be slow in acting on his obligation to marry Ruth.] Here, the message through several allusions, points the reader toward hope in a redeemer and a reminder or conviction about disobedience to the Law. The prefix (מ־) to the (רגל) is either source or locative. Since the terminology is vague it may mean that it was intended to allow the reader to understand that there was both relationality and familiarity with Boaz unlike the redeemer closer than Boaz (3:12). Israel was not at rest and they were not experiencing the good fortune promised in the Torah. Certainly the book has at its core intentions the validation of David and his lineage. External Opposition to God’s Work and the Response of God’s People in Nehemiah 2. In this sentence, the words of Ruth are very closely kept but the main verb (עשׂה) is fronted, which again perhaps is to highlight the fact that she “did” what she said she would or it is to revert back to narration with normal word ordering. 16 When Ruth came to her mother-in-law, Naomi asked, “How did it go, my daughter?” Then she told her everything Boaz had done for her 17 and added, “He gave me these six measures of barley, saying, ‘Don’t go back to your mother-in-law empty-handed.’”. But the rest of what we see from her seems above-board. He didn’t want land changing hands permanently. In the undertones and background of this simple story is a reference to what true obedience is all about. The variant is similar to the previous issue. 1 One day Ruth’s mother-in-law Naomi said to her, “My daughter, I must find a home # 3:1 Hebrew find rest (see 1:9). This construction is only found in chapter 3 in three occurrences (vv. Naomi tells her – now’s the time to change those clothes. 6 In this variant, a few manuscripts, including the corresponding Peshitta and Vulgate, have (כל) rather than the MT (ככל). House, 1997. As commentators have debated over the centuries, the precise intentions of Naomi are unclear. I’ll just remind us of an example of this. Enhanced Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon. This alternative sense is to “draw a conclusion, especially a practical one, from what has been stated.”[vi] The translation then is still “and now” but could be supplied other words in English to better convey the logical connection or implication inferred. So his brother Chilion would be next in line to marry Ruth and raise up a boy to inherit the land. From this immoral and strange occurrence, the line of Judah is maintained through Tamar in Perez. Ruth was to be a bride. Now, we need to talk about how some people interpret these instructions that Naomi gave to Ruth. So with that background in mind, let’s start reading Ruth 3:1. The sovereignty of God is manifest in the story of Ruth as how God in times of decline of His people preserved a seed in one of His servants that led to the birth of David and then to the birth of Jesus the Messiah. The book of Ruth has proven to be a bit of an enigma to many throughout the generations. So let’s start reading that scene in verse 6. However, Bush and Block tend to believe that there is significant evidence of linguistic markers which imply that Ruth was standard biblical Hebrew. In other words – “the man who’s next in line legally to marry you and raise up a son to inherit our land?”. However, this time it is without the direct object marker and is definite. And after Boaz had eaten and drunk, and his heart was cheerful, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of grain; and she came softly, uncovered his feet, and lay down. This of course according to Judges is due to the people doing what is right in their own eyes and in Kings is exacerbated due to wicked kings who do not do what is right in the Lord’s eyes. Ruth, in some sense then, was a picture of what Israel was supposed to be. They say that this kind of activity was typical of ancient prostitutes. And when she held it, he measured six measures of barley, and laid it on her: [Again, Boaz’s lavish kindness.] This was apparently a good thing that she did. And again those boys died, leaving their Moabite spouses – Ruth and Orpah – and their mother Naomi. And the land will remain with that family. The Q is preferable and the alteration is likely due to either scribal error or an archaism for linguistic flare. The king was prepared to pay Naboth the going rate for land in those days. There was a famine in the land of Israel and they decided to go to godless Moab. I should have added a presentation of positive women in the bible. However, under further investigation, they have potentially deep insinuations. First of all, on a more practical level, the law in Deut 21:13 says that a foreign/captive woman allotted to become a wife must remove her old clothes, mourn her family at least a month, and then she is able to be married. When Israel is given the Law and the terms for the covenant, in unanimity they speak these words (כל אשׁר־דבר יהוה נעשׂה) translated as, “all that the Lord speaks we will do.” For the reader of Ruth, this phrase, uttered by both Ruth and Boaz, should have elicited the memory of this very important and momentous event in Israel’s history. KJV Ruth 3:1 ¶ Then Naomi her mother in law said unto her, My daughter, shall I not seek rest for thee, that it may be well with thee? It carries the volitional aspect of an instructional imperfect. Each of the occurrences carry the meaning of logical conclusion perhaps also translated as “and so.” Another interesting but perplexing word use in this verse is (מדועתנו) often translated as “relative.” There is a host of possible explanations for why this form is used. It’s not that she didn’t have any on. Here in Ruth, the author makes a seemingly simple, straight forward statement of compliance. I thought he was godly. 4 In this verse, there is only one variant. 2 Is not Boaz, with whose servant girls you have been, a kinsman of ours? 2 Now Boaz, with whose women you have worked, is a relative of ours. And in contradiction to Holmstedt, all are translated with “that” and carry a resultive function for the clause. It only occurs nine times total, once being in Ruth. From what he says it sounds like he’d be very happy to do that. Either way, the intention of the sentence seems to parallel the previous in order to show Ruth’s corresponding actions to her words. The only place one can actually find rest, refuge, and peace is in the Land in the presence and obedience of Yahweh. If it were actually written by Samuel, then it would have been prior to David’s successful triumph and during a time when the kingdom was in disarray due to Saul’s deeply afflicted spirit. We are given the impression that Boaz slept for some time before awakening to find a woman at his feet. For Israel, the message was loud and clear. In Naomi’s instruction for Ruth in v. 4, she uses a temporal conjunction construction where the first (ויהי) is understand as “and when” while the secondary or complement conjunction (ובאת) is understood as “then.” It is interesting that the verb form for the first is consecutive preterite, often implying past tense, while the second is a weqatal, which has a future sense. She carries it back to the city and shows it to her mother-in-law, Naomi, who is very impressed. Things were going from bad to worse. ( Log Out /  And what is the rhetorical question Naomi asks Ruth? This would be translated “she acted according to all which her mother-in-law instructed.” Whether the variant is original or not, the sense of the verse is not altered. She … Again this has parallel with the nation of Israel in their apostasy, uncleanness, and adulterous relations with other gods. Ruth’s rest and Naomi’s blessing for her that “it may be well with you” are seemingly nice gestures on the surface. Therefore, Naomi wants Ruth to see if Boaz will marry her. And the hope and what seems to be described is that she is a noble woman and will be a faithful wife, who is properly prepared. Following the final verb which has an odd textual variant, Naomi mentions the “threshing floor” again. On top of that – you might also wonder why Naomi would think that Boaz would marry Ruth in the first place. Keep reading.] However, it only occurs in this form here and in similar but different forms in Ruth 2:1 and Prov 7:4, both having familial connotations. Though this story may take place after the writing of Ruth, it nevertheless shows a pattern common in the completion of mourning. Following this direct object is a relative clause. In v.5, Ruth says “all that you say I will do.” What is fascinating about this phrase is that it corresponds precisely with Exodus 19:8, 24:3, 7, Num 23:26, and is found nowhere else. Why? They indeed needed redemption but it needed to come through the proper channels, unlike their prostituting habits with other gods and nations. We could expect this kind of behavior in the book of Judges. i. It not only validates the legitimacy of David’s lineage, if Judah’s lineage is valid at all, but it also shows that his line is even more legitimate because of the way in which these predecessors acted. Here, the K is (ושׁכבתי) while the Q with many manuscripts is (־תְּ). Not only that, it was an indictment against them. In fact, their promise of rest in the Land was directly connected to this event. iii. And what wakes a man from sleep better than uncovering his feet and exposing them to the increasing cool of the surrounding night air? During times of harvest the men would often sleep with their grain. Yes. He probably went to sleep. Some commentators have thought of this as evidence of her illicit intentions to basically be a prostitute for Boaz. And Naomi has full confidence in Boaz. In this particular passage, these themes will be uncovered … Yeah, he died, too. For David in 12;20, his first son with Bathsheeba dies. Harvest time was a time of feasting and enjoyment, so Boaz was full and happy when he retired for the night. And to this point we’re led to believe that that someone is Boaz. Julia Garner in ‘Ozark’ season 1 episode 6 (Photo by Jackson Davis/Netflix) Ruth’s messing with the electrical by the docks. Men would have been the landowners. In other words, one was not simply able to be well and fruitful apart from the Law and Yahweh. The predominant use is either for Israel to have refuge or peace in the Land or for a person to have inner peace. Now it … Neither do we witness them involved in any form of immorality. She was not the daughter of either, only a daughter-in-law to Naomi, which the word for such was given in the background narrative, and she was only a loosely connected relative through her dead husband to Boaz. How does he respond? This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. When Ruth asked why she, a foreigner, should receive such kindness, Boaz replied that he had learned of Ruth's faithfulness to her mother-in-law, and he prayed that the God of Israel would bless Ruth for her loyalty. And Naomi is confident that Boaz will have further instructions from that point. Through this small simple story, the author of Ruth concocted a fascinating and intriguing synthesis of both historical narrative and theological instruction. It was just a little vineyard. She instructs Ruth, “Now wash and anoint yourself, and put on your best clothes and go down to the threshing floor; but do not make yourself known to the man until he has finished eating and drinking.When he lies down, observe the place where he lies; then, go and uncover his feet and lie down; and he will tell you what to do” (Ruth 3:3-4). In this particular passage, these themes will be uncovered through investigating the background, exegesis and syntax, and synthesizing the implications of both internal and external data. New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology & Exegesis. In other words, the author compares the situation with Judah and Tamar to Boaz and Ruth. In the days of the Judges. The prescribed land was supposed to be a refuge and place of peace from enemies and anxiety. Ruth was a Moabite princess of very fine character, who became the great-grandmother of King David. When she asks where Ruth did her gleaning, Ruth tells her that the owner of the field was named Boaz. She’s forsaken her false gods, shown flawless loyalty to her mother-in-law – AND SHE DIDN’T NEED TO! The function of (אשׁר) seems to be result, though Holmstedt thinks it is a comparative use. He’s a seriously godly man. Chicago: Moody Press, 1980. Life is good. ( Log Out /  So, let’s talk about the cultural expectations in the days of Boaz and Ruth. And so he commanded back in the Law that if brothers live together and one dies without leaving an heir to the land then the brother needs to marry his brother’s widow and raise up a child to inherit his father’s property. Just the position of a soul awakened. And it should be – because that’s not what the narrator has led us to expect from any of these people. I really don’t think that’s the case and I’ve explained why already. Bush, Frederic William. Ruth 3:1-13. It speaks of Yahweh spreading the corner or wings of his garment over Israel and entering a covenant vow. This is perhaps due to the purpose or intent. 10 RESULTS OF THE RESURRECTION FOR US (Part 3), 10 RESULTS OF THE RESURRECTION FOR US (Part 2), 10 RESULTS OF THE RESURRECTION FOR US (Part 1). And even before that – in Genesis 17 God tells Abraham that kings will come forth from him and his wife Sarah. The first infinitive (כלתו) has the pronoun suffixed which acts as the subject of the infinitive. It is submitting to the instruction of the Lord but not only that. Now, to whom was Ruth married? The giving of the Law and the subsequent covenant was perhaps the single most important qualifier for the people of Israel, despite their unfaithfulness. Ruth and Boaz are not considered noble (חיל) simply for treating others properly but also in their obedience and loving kindness (חסד). Evident with other gods advising Ruth to do that in context though, this time is. 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