And ones that add pretty flowers, luminous foliage, and multi-season color give even greater value – like spirea. This is a very popular plant to have in the landscape and we get a lot of questions about how to properly prune it. â Goldflameâ is a gold leaf spirea with light pink blooms. Shoots appear longer and more graceful. This species is similar to the Wangutta spirea, but its flowers are not so fluffy, because the stamens are smaller and shorter. Plants form buds for buds on shoots growing in spring. Spireas produce flowers on new wood. Trim across the top of the plant, then remove the rope to reveal a round shape. 10 g of superphosphate, already diluted in a liter of hot water and infused throughout the day, is mixed into the bucket with mullein infusion. Thickening can provoke the development of fungal diseases or create a cozy environment for pests. Harrington's specialties include small business information, crafting, decorating and gardening. Pruning Spirea Japonica. Water the soil thoroughly before and after fertilizing to prevent root burn. Trim the stem tips back to the ... Summer Overgrowth. Once planted, the care of spirea requires a minimal time investment. If spireas become too overgrown and woody, try a drastic technique called rejuvenation pruning. The “proper” time to prune spireas is right after they flower, but if the blooms are less important than the foliage, you can prune at nearly any time. Some prune the remaining branches in early spring (these spirea bushes bloom on new wood) to within a foot or so of the ground, to encourage vigorous new growth. In the spring, the foliage acquires a certain reddish tint, in the fall it is golden-purple. In spring, the shrub is rejuvenated by getting rid of trunks older than 7 years. Prune the summer-blooming, bumalda spireas in winter or early spring. Each long shoot is cut in half. Avoid late summer pruning. Bushes with old shoots transform, leaving only 25-30 cm of the trunk above the ground. Since there are many spirits, there are different types and varieties, it is important for the gardener to determine which bush is growing on the site. And for early flowering spirea, the care includes pruning of weak branches and old, 7-10-year-old shoots in March-April. Cut back all the side and top stems to within two to three buds of the old woody growth. 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Many varieties may bloom a second time after a light pruning, while others, such as Japanese spirea (Spirea japonica), respond better to a late-winter trim. Hydrangeas Woody shrubs give wonderful structure to gardens and landscapes. Estimate the amount of pruning required visually, or measure the tallest stems for more accurate pruning. Prune the plant down to 6 inches so that it’ll rejuvenate again in spring. Decorative pruning of spirea, which fades in late July or early August, emphasizes the expressive autumn colors of the leaves and the shape of the trimmed bush. Rinsing the shears between cuts in a solution of nine parts water and one part bleach disinfects them. Use clean, sharp shears to prevent damage or the spread of disease during pruning. Description Shirobana Spirea is a member of the Rosaceae family. Trim back overgrown spireas or those that produced sparse foliage on the lower stems severely in fall after the foliage begins to fall off, to keep the shrubs shaped and compact. Late summer or fall pruning removes the growth which then reduces the number of buds on the shrub. Prune spring-blooming spirea plants just after flowers fade by removing old or dead wood from the interior of the shrub with pruning shears. The thickening of the meadowsweet bush is controlled once every 2-3 years. For a powerful, up to 1.3-1.5 m, and fast-growing species with large, bright leaves, early spring pruning is applicable. If you like a dense, structured look, prune just as new leaves start to … Spirea pruning is an important point in the care of a flowering shrub. This is due to the endurance of the variety, the low price of planting material and the beauty of the plant. Wipe the blades down with a cloth soaked in alcohol or bleach to sterilize them. Description of Spirea Shiroban The shrub becomes more lush and looks more decorative with many inflorescences. In spring, a severely pruned spirea grows new stems that are all capable of flowering. Spirea shrubs (Spirea spp.) Make the cuts within 1/4 inch of a leaf or bud when possible. Shape Training. The technique of early spring pruning is different for shrubs that bloom in spring or summer. For this spirea, summer pruning begins after flowering. Another advantage of the plant is that it tolerates even low temperatures. Pruning Your Spirea Shrubs 1. Sanitary pruning is also acceptable, in which the frozen ends of the shoots are cut off, as well as small shoots inside the bush. Pruning of willow spirea is standard, as for all summer-flowering species - in April. Late pruning cuts off the shrub's new buds, resulting in little or no flowering during the midsummer blooming period. And it blooms earlier, when there are still no leaves on the branches. Trim straight across the top of the plant, and when you release the rope you’ll have a perfectly rounded spirea. Remove all dead and damaged wood, along with any branches that cross or rub together. But after flowering, in June, it is imperative to remove branches with wilted inflorescences from spirits that bloomed in May or early June. Apply formative pruning of spring spirea after flowering, from June. Long handled loppers or hand saws are suitable for removing thicker, dried or woody stems. Tall flexible shoots are shortened by a third or half. How to Prune Tips for Spirea Bushes. Spirea cuttings in summer are easily tolerated by the plant. On single bushes, pruning is carried out, starting at 3-4 years of age, so that more new shoots are formed for flowering. 10 liters of liquid dressing are poured under 1 bush. Cutting an overgrown stem slightly shorter than the surrounding stems helps camouflage the cut edge. Snow-white inflorescences, fluffy due to the numerous long stamens, bloom in July. A low, up to 1-1.2 m, bush of this type of meadowsweet with narrow leaves enchants with white and pink paniculate inflorescences, up to 20 cm in length, which bloom in summer. Withered shields are pruned from August so that the plant does not waste energy to form seeds, and the branches are strengthened. Pruning spirea paniculata after flowering is not as important as for those plants that bloom in spring. Japanese spirea (Spiraea japonica), grown in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9, blooms on the year's new growth and must be pruned in late winter or early spring before new growth and buds begin. Cut the Tips It is a hybrid cross between S. trilobata x S. cantoniensis that is noted for its showy spring blooms and hardy nature. Heavy pruning is optional, but the Spirea does respond well to pruning especially when used to rejuvenate an older plant. Tip pruning removes the dead blossoms and may encourage new flower bud formation. If your shrubs are overgrown and woody, it is time for a more severe pruning to rejuvenate them. Use a slow-release organic fertilizer according to the manufacturer's instructions. After removing branches or parts of shoots, meadowsweet are abundantly watered and fed during mulching using peat or compost. Their flower buds are laid in the fall along the entire length of the branch. Since there are many spirits, there are different types and varieties, it is important for the gardener to … After summer pruning, the shrub is maintained with a mixture of organics and minerals. Use hand pruners for removing thin, green stems. Main Meadowsweet facts. Pruning Spirea Japonica is required to keep it in appropriate shape or size. Prune back the oldest few branches to ground level every other year. Prune overgrown shoots and stems and dead or diseased branches at any time during the summer growing season to maintain the shrub's shape. Cutting off parts of the shoots for the growth of new branches, they try to make the cutting lines at the same level, gradually rounding the silhouette of the bush. The variety is magnificent, not only are the pink flowers that bloom in July are decorative, but also the leaves 15-20 cm long, 8-10 cm wide. The two main trimming periods, in early spring and after blooming, are most important to do each year, but you can also trim your spirea as needed throughout any season. Leaving them untrimmed from winter until the leaves have grown in can actually make the plant look less healthy, with thick growth in some areas and sparse growth in others. To prevent this from happening, trim the spirea at least twice a year. The frozen tops are also cut off. Spireas thrive when trimmed regularly. Formative pruning of spirea bushes is also carried out in spring or summer. According to the group, spring- or summer-flowering, pruning is carried out. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Summer flowering species form buds with buds on the shoots of the current year. Young shoots of meadowsweet, which blooms in summer, are shortened over well-developed buds, from which branches with buds grow in the spring. Fall Prune. Remove all last year's dry inflorescences from summer flowering bushes. Thanks to such pruning, spireas, whose trunks live 15-19 years, will develop for a long time in the place chosen by the gardener. Japanese spirea varieties require tip pruning at this time, or in early spring. Make sure you prune it before … Spirea Vangutta, this is the specific name of the national favorite, can grow up to 3 m, with the same crown diameter. Birchleaf spirea has a naturally rounded habit, but if you are a lover of meatball plants, you can prune it a bit more into that shape. Problems Branched branches - by one third. This plant is widely used for landscaping. You can prune dead, diseased, damaged or overgrown branches at any season. Clean and sterilize your tools before pruning. The same procedure for spring flowering species is performed in June. Summer-blooming spireas generally respond well to severe rejuvenation pruning in spring when the buds are swelling. For the decorative effect of the shrub, regardless of the flowering period, the wilted panicles are removed. If you’re nervous about pruning, don’t worry—spireas can cope with a... 2. But if pruning does not take place, it is carried out in early spring. With a long-lasting bloom time, fine-textured foliage, and variable sizes, they’re suitable … A little care and simple maintenance helps the beautiful shrub to develop new areas. When in doubt, don’t prune! Spiraea × vanhouttei, called Vanhoutte spiraea or Bridal Wreath, is a vase-shaped, deciduous, flowering shrub with cane-like branching that arches gracefully toward the ground. This one here is spirea … To maintain the attractive shape of ‘Magic Carpet’ Spirea, you will have to prune it regularly. There are different types of spirea - some flower in the summer and some flower in the spring. In spring-blooming spireas, cut the whole bush back to ground level in late winter. Some time after applying top dressing, the trunk circle is spilled with another bucket of water if the soil is not sufficiently moistened. Trim the stem tips back to the topmost leaf bud on each stem, using clean shears. The culture blooms for a long time, but it is important to first determine the type and properly cut the plant. The summer-blooming, bumalda spireas in winter or early spring pruning is applicable them after the shrub new. 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